Chrome and Firefox now display insecure warnings for websites lacking SSL certificates. If your website lacks SSL, it will be labeled as insecure to visitors. Consequently, it is crucial to employ an SSL-encrypted connection for reasons related to safety, accessibility, or PCI compliance. Redirecting from HTTP to HTTPS becomes exceptionally important in this regard.
What is SSL?
SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) is a widely used security protocol that establishes encrypted connections between web servers and browsers during online communication.
SSL technology ensures that all data exchanged between the web server and browser remains encrypted and protected.
To enable SSL, you need an SSL certificate that requires providing details about your website’s identity and your company. This process generates two cryptographic keys: a Private Key and a Public Key.
If you wish to enforce HTTPS for your web traffic, you can achieve it by modifying the codes in the .htaccess file.
Before we delve into the steps for redirecting HTTP to HTTPS, let’s quickly review how you can edit the .htaccess file. If you are already familiar with this process, you can skip ahead to the redirection steps.
Editing .htaccess File
The .htaccess file contains instructions or directives that dictate the behavior of the server and directly impact the functioning of your website. It includes common directives such as redirects and URL rewriting.
Here are different methods to edit an .htaccess file:
- Edit the file on your computer and then upload it to the server using FTP (File Transfer Protocol).
- Utilize the “Edit” mode within your FTP program, which enables remote editing of files.
- Make use of a text editor and SSH (Secure Shell) to modify the .htaccess file directly on the server.
- Access the File Manager in cPanel, a web-based control panel, to edit the .htaccess file through its built-in editor.